The population of Ukraine is lower by nearly 5 million people than the previously reported figures, which were used in recent years for economic planning and analyses. The new data indicate that it will be necessary to redesign the economic policy.
The population of the already reduced European Union will shrink from 447.2 million in 2020 to 408.2 million by the end of the century. At the same time, there will be 40 million more Europeans 65+ year old than today. For Poland, the upcoming changes will unfortunately be worse.
The European migration crisis of 2015-2016 is now a thing of the past. But Europe needs immigration policies. “We need to take into consideration the values and beliefs of the EU nations,” says Michael C. Burda, an economist in the Humboldt University of Berlin.
Ukrainian citizens are an important potential for Poland. In order not to waste the opportunity Poland needs to ensure their integration, says Paweł Kaczmarczyk, PhD, Director of the Centre of Migration Research, Warsaw University.
An elderly lady once said “we were promised a long life, but all we got is old age”. Progressing loss of independence and a sense of uselessness are a source of anguish for seniors and generate problems and costs for societies.
In 2018, the 28 European Union member states issued a total sum of over 3 million residence permits to non-EU nationals. Poland was the most generous country in terms of the amount of permits, having issued over 600,000.
Despite an increase in the fertility rate between 2005 and 2018, the demographic crisis in Russia has not been brought to a halt. The main causes of the crisis are the high mortality and poor health of its inhabitants.
“Many villages in Poland, not only in the eastern part of the country, are depopulating at an alarming rate,” says Professor Monika Stanny from the Institute of Rural and Agricultural Development of the Polish Academy of Sciences.