Having control of the Ukrainian state railway company Ukrzaliznytsia means having control over the lion’s share of Ukrainian exports and transit of goods, as well as a huge market for companies producing for the railway industry. Germany may soon take it all over.
Economists in Ukraine warn that a “financial pyramid” based on government bonds posing a threat to the economy stands behind the positive macroeconomic indicators. Its adverse effects can already be felt.
According to studies, if Poland wants to keep its Ukrainian workers, it has to change the approach and instead of relying on the short-term employment of seasonal workers it should promote assimilation and permanent residence of entire families.
There is a growing number of signals indicating that after several years of marching towards the West, the Ukrainian economy is now making a turn to the East. In 2019, Russia ranked the third on the list of countries whose companies provide the most foreign direct investments in Ukraine.
The Ukrainian central bank’s recently published report on the country’s financial stability provides an overview of the current condition of Ukraine’s economy in a nutshell. The financial standing of households and businesses is improving but the international situation is changing for the...
A resumption of lending in Russia by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) remains a distant perspective, even after the restart of the Ukraine peace settlement. Nevertheless, the EBRD is facing a competition from Moscow in the CIS.
Ukrainian citizens are an important potential for Poland. In order not to waste the opportunity Poland needs to ensure their integration, says Paweł Kaczmarczyk, PhD, Director of the Centre of Migration Research, Warsaw University.
The influx of workers from Ukraine boosts Poland's GDP by 0.3-0.9 percentage point per year, but this positive impulse won't step up anymore, predicts Jakub Growiec, an economic adviser at Poland’s central bank, NBP.