A resumption of lending in Russia by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) remains a distant perspective, even after the restart of the Ukraine peace settlement. Nevertheless, the EBRD is facing a competition from Moscow in the CIS.
Ukrainian citizens are an important potential for Poland. In order not to waste the opportunity Poland needs to ensure their integration, says Paweł Kaczmarczyk, PhD, Director of the Centre of Migration Research, Warsaw University.
The influx of workers from Ukraine boosts Poland's GDP by 0.3-0.9 percentage point per year, but this positive impulse won't step up anymore, predicts Jakub Growiec, an economic adviser at Poland’s central bank, NBP.
An appraisal of the last quarter of a century is currently under way in Ukraine celebrating 25th anniversary of its independence. Unfortunately, it has squandered the major part of its potential, so one of the potentially richest countries in Europe still is in trouble.
Ukraine hopes to receive USD2.7bn worth of support from the International Monetary Fund by the end of 2016. Kiev's efforts have stalled, however, because the declarations of the authorities are not matched by their actions.s.
Strong voice of the V4 in the European Union is a top priority for Poland’s V4 Presidency, says Marcin Czapliński, National Visegrad Coordinator and Deputy Director at the European Policy Department in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.