Eurostat has published a report on regional unemployment differences within Europe. Here are a few interesting facts within it:
-10 out of the 12 regions with the lowest unemployment rate are German speaking, which is to say they are in Germany or Austria. The only non-German speaking are Prague, whose unemployment rate of 3.1% is radically lower than the rest of Czechia, where the national average is 7% and Zeeland in the south western part of the Netherlands.
-Similar to how nearly all of the lowest unemployment regions are in Germany or Austria, 9 out of 10 of those with the highest rates are in Greece or Spain, with the one exception being the Réunion region of France, which, while technically part of the EU, isn’t geographically in Europe.
-While Germany generally has a very low unemployment rate these days, there are still a big difference between the very low unemployment western part of the country and the still fairly high unemployment formerly communist eastern part. While Bavaria only has a 3.2% unemployment rate, it is nearly 11% in some eastern regions.
-Other countries with large internal unemployment differences include Belgium, whose Dutch speaking parts have significantly lower unemployment rate than the French speaking parts, Italy, where the unemployment rate is a lot lower in the northern parts in general and majority German speaking South Tyrol („Provincia Autonoma di Bolzano/Bozen” as it is called in Italian) region in particular than in the southern parts of Italy and in Finland the autonomous majority Swedish speaking Åland region has radically lower unemployment than in the other, majority Finnish speaking regions, particularly the troubled eastern and northern regions.
-In percentage points, Spain however has the biggest internal differences. The unemployment rate in Ceuta of 38.6% and Andalucia of 34.6% was as much as 23.7 and 19.7 percentage points higher than in the northern Pais Vasco region (Pais Vasco is BTW the Basque part of Spain) where unemployment is „only” 14.9%. The internal differences within Spain was thus as large as the difference between´the national average in Spain and the national average in the EU country with the lowest unemployment rate, Austria.